time [tīm]
[ME < OE tima, prob. < IE * dī-men < base * dā(i)-, to part, divide up > TIDE1]
I duration; continuance
1. indefinite, unlimited duration in which things are considered as happening in the past, present, or future; every moment there has ever been or ever will be
a) the entire period of existence of the known universe; finite duration, as distinguished from infinity
b) the entire period of existence of the world or of humanity; earthly duration, as distinguished from eternity
2. a system of measuring duration [solar time, standard time]
II a period or interval
1. the period between two events or during which something exists, happens, or acts; measured or measurable interval
2. [often pl.] any period in the history of man or of the universe, often specif. with reference to a characteristic social structure, set of customs, famous person living then, etc. [prehistoric times, medieval times, geologic time, Lincoln's time]
a) a period characterized by a prevailing condition or specific experience [a time of peace, have a good time]
b) [usually pl.] the prevailing conditions of a particular period [the times were difficult]
3. a period of duration set or thought of as set; specif.,
a) a period of existence; lifetime [his time is almost over]
b) a term of apprenticeship
c) a term of imprisonment
d) a term of military service
e) Obs. a period of indenture
4. a period or periods necessary, sufficient, or available for something [no time for play]
5. the specific, usual, or allotted period during which something is done [the runner's time was 1.47 minutes; baking time, 20 minutes]
a) the period regularly worked or to be worked by an employee
b) the hourly rate of pay for the regular working hours
6. rate of speed in marching, driving, working, etc. [quick time, double time]
7. Drama one of the three unities: see the phrase THE (THREE) UNITIES at UNITY
8. Music
a) the grouping of rhythmic beats into measures of equal length
b) the characteristic rhythm of a piece of music in terms of this grouping, indicated by the time signature
c) the rate of speed at which a composition or passage is played; tempo
d) loosely the rhythm and tempo characteristic of a kind of composition [waltz time, march time]
e) the duration of a note or rest
9. Prosody a unit of quantitative meter; esp., a mora, or short syllable
10. Sports TIMEOUT
III a point in duration; moment; instant; occasion
1. a precise instant, second, minute, hour, day, week, month, or year, determined by clock or calendar
2. the point at which something has happened, is happening, or will happen; occasion [game time is two o'clock]
3. the usual, natural, traditional, or appointed moment for something to happen, begin, or end [time to get up ]; specif.,
a) the moment of death [his time is close at hand]
b) the end of a period of pregnancy; moment of giving birth [her time had come ]
c) one's turn at something [a time at bat]
4. the suitable, proper, favorable, or convenient moment [now is the time to act]
5. any one of a series of moments at which the same or nearly the same thing recurs; repeated occasion [told for the fifth time, time and time again]
Sports used to signify that a period of play or activity has ended or that play is temporarily suspended
timed, timing
1. to arrange or set the time of so as to be acceptable, suitable, opportune, etc. [to time an invasion]
2. to adjust, set, play, etc. so as to coincide in time with something else [to time one's watch with another's]
3. to regulate (a mechanism) for a given speed or length of operation
4. to set the duration of (a syllable or musical note) as a unit of rhythm
5. to calculate or record the pace, speed, finishing time, etc. of; clock [to time a runner]
Rare to move in time; keep time
1. having to do with time
2. set or regulated so as to explode, open, etc. at a given time [a time bomb]
3. payable later or on a specified future date [a time loan ]
4. designating or of any of a series of payments made or to be made over a period of time [a time payment]
abreast of the times
1. up-to-date, as in ideas, fashions, etc.; modern
2. informed about current matters
against time
in an effort to finish in a given time
☆ ahead of time
sooner than due; early
at one time
1. simultaneously
2. formerly
at the same time
1. simultaneously; in the same period
2. nonetheless; however
at times
occasionally; sometimes
behind the times
out-of-date; old-fashioned
behind time
between times
at intervals, as between other events or actions
do time
Informal to serve a prison term
for the time being
for the present; temporarily
from time to time
at intervals; now and then
gain time
1. to go too fast: said of a timepiece
2. to prolong a situation until a desired occurrence can take place
in good time
1. at the proper time
2. in a creditably short time; quickly
in no time
almost instantly; very quickly
in time
1. in the course of time; eventually
2. before it is too late
3. keeping the set rhythm, tempo, pace, etc.
lose time
1. to go too slow: said of a timepiece
2. to let time go by without advancing one's objective
make time
1. to compensate for lost time by going faster: said as of a train
2. to travel, work, etc. at a specified, especially fast, rate of speed [we made (good) time between Boston and Albany]
☆ make time with
Slang to succeed in attracting or having an affair with (a person)
many a time
often; frequently
☆ on one's own time
during time for which one is not paid; during other than working hours
on time
1. at the appointed time; punctual or punctually
2. to be paid for in installments over a period of time
out of time
1. not at the usual time; unseasonable
2. not keeping the set rhythm, tempo, pace, etc.
pass the time of day
to exchange a few words of greeting, etc.
time after time
again and again; continually: also time and again
time of life
age (of a person)
☆ time of one's life
Informal an experience of great pleasure for one
time on one's hands
an interval with nothing to do
time out of mind
time was
there was a time

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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